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Oscar Niemeyer

Oscar Niemeyer’s career began in 1930s when he joined the design team of the headquarters for Brazil’s Ministry of Education and Health. International recognition followed when he collaborated on the designs of the Brazil Pavilion at the 1939 New York World’s Fair and the United Nations Headquarters in 1947. Niemeyer went on to head the agency in charge of designing all public buildings in Brazil’s new capital, Brasilia. After the 1964 military coup, Niemeyer moved to Paris and worked on numerous projects in Europe, North Africa, and the Middle-East. By the mid-1980s, Niemeyer reestablished his practice in Rio de Janeiro. Throughout a career that spans nine decades, he received various awards, such as the Lenin Peace Prize (1963), the Pritzker Prize (1998), the Royal Gold Medal from the Royal Institute of British Architects (1998), and the Praemium Imperiale (2005).